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How Much Sleep Do You Really Need?

how much sleep do you need

How often do you wake up feeling really tired? For many of us this can be quite often, but how much sleep do we really need? Of course this changes from individual to individual but the Sleep Foundation suggest that the perfect amount of sleep for an adult is 7-9 hours. So, it seems that the magic ‘full eight hours sleep’ isn’t a myth after all.

As all parents will know babies and toddlers need a lot more sleep and, unfortunately for the parent of the baby, their sleeping patterns will not be aligned with the parents! New born babies need 12-18 hours of sleep a day and toddlers, between the age of 1 and 3 will require 12-14 hours.

It’s also not a myth that teenagers require more sleep than adults. So when your teenager refuses to get up in the morning, its not because they’re lazy — 10 – 17 year olds need 8.5 and 9.25 hours.

So here’s the big question — why are we stuck on this 24-hour cycle of sleep and waking? Over millions of years of evolution we, as human beings, have become synchronised with the day and night cycle. And, its all about Melatonin (the hormone our pineal gland secretes to make us sleepy) — when it gets dark we secrete melatonin and we start to become tired.

Many commentators believe that the lifestyles, and use of devices, we in The West show are contributing to a lack of sleep epidemic. However, a recent study of the Hazda people in Northern Tanzania found different people woke frequently in the night and very different sleep schedules between individuals, so this premise may be a little exaggerated.

What we do know is that a great bed and mattress, like the ones from the TV Bed Store can only help in getting a really great night sleep. There’s nothing worse than a lumpy and uncomfortable mattress and regardless of how old you are or where you live.

Uses of Blockchain In the Healthcare Industry

blockchain healthcare

Since the beginning of the year, the term “blockchain” has made headlines in the technology sector more than any other terminology. But what made it so popular? The technology ensures that all the transactions that are carried out are properly conducted and recorded. This is true mostly to cryptocurrencies such as Monero and Bitcoin. But it is not digital currencies only that can be transacted on the blockchain.

Despite the fact that it is mostly used in the financial industry, its application is not limited to the finance sector alone. Besides banks and startups, other industries can use blockchain technology as well. The following are the top applications of blockchain in healthcare.

1. Patient Records

Health records or history of a patient is very crucial. Most patients do not have their health records, but blockchain can help solve this problem. A patient’s health history from different health systems, plans and pharmacies can be stored on the blockchain. The health history of a patient can be processed on the blockchain as a readable data for a patient’s personal use or be changed into records that are usable on different electronic medical record systems. Some of the health records that can be stored include diagnosis, prescriptions, procedures among others.

2. Clinical Trials

Data that is generated through clinical trials can be securely shared through blockchain between different companies. Information such as adverse reactions and patient demographics can be shared. Also, interim results can be shared between regulators and sponsors.

With the help of blockchain, a patient’s data profile can be shared across multiple clinical trial sites. This can give the patient the ability to control his data and only share with individuals or organisations of choice such as research centres.

3. Medical Research

One of the biggest challenges in medical research is snooping. This can be successfully controlled with the help of blockchain technology. This technology can be used to introduce proof of date in the medical research field. All the information shared on the blockchain is transparent. The technology also allows for the traceability and all the history of the data and it is time stamped. This will ensure the reduction of errors and fraud in all clinical trial records. With blockchain, all the experiments, trials, protocols and results are time stamped thus making them immutable.

4. Billing and Claims Management

This is a process whereby the processing and filing of medical claims that pertains to a patient’s treatment, medication and diagnosis are done. Many healthcare providers have become victims of data breaching whereby patient records are compromised which in turn leads to larceny, theft and fraud.

With the help of blockchain technology, most of these problems can be solved once and for all. This is because the technology has a complex data transfer process which cannot easily be compromised. All the transaction on the blockchain is traceable and secure. This will lead to increased revenue management that the institution can follow.


As a decentralised ledger, blockchain will help the healthcare sector greatly to manage the patient information and sharing of crucial data without the risk of privacy or security breach. The technology allows for transparency of all transactions hence saving time and money.…

An Introduction to Laser Eye Surgery

lasik eye surgery

Massive reforms in medical technology over the last three decades has led to the innovation of the invaluable laser eye surgery to cure common eye defects such as shortsightedness and long-sightedness. The method incorporates the use of special beams of light to modify the cornea with the aim of correcting vision. The cornea basically focuses light towards the retina which then transmits image pulses to the brain for interpretation. Consequently, the use of laser beams to rectify the cornea forms the first step in curing the eye. This articles therefore gives an introduction of Laser Eye Surgery as the best procedure for curing eye complications.

Laser eye surgery is certainly not a new concept given that it has been used to cure more that 40 million people worldwide. As a matter of fact, the method is the preferred mode of eye treatment over the use of contact lens prescription given that it is rather straightforward, fast and painless. The surgery only takes about 20 minutes and the recovery process is prompt as well. For example, you will be glad to know that 24 hours after performing the surgery, you will be back to your usual routine.

There are two types of Laser Eye Surgery that are commonly used to cure eye defects. They include the LASIK and LASEK. The two method normally yield the same results, however many people are of the opinion that LASEK is the better option.


LASIK is an acronym for Laser-Assisted In-Situ Keratomileusis. It is a form of laser surgery that involves the use of two lasers to focus a beam of light through the cornea. One laser forms a protective barrier on the front layer of the eye. With the protective barrier neatly in place, the second laser is then use to rectify the vision. The two lasers work seamlessly together to fix any eye complication. Patients that go through the LASIK treatment take a very short time to recover, normally within 24 hours. Nonetheless, some patients may take a few days to recover, although it all depends on the receptiveness of a patient’s eye towards the treatment. LASIK eye surgery providers provide a cheaper long-term alternative over glasses and contact lenses.


LASEK on the other hand means Laser Assisted Sub-Epithelial Keratectomy. Unlike the LASIK, LASEK only uses one laser to correct the cornea. LASEK treatment involves the application of a very thin layer of alcohol on the eye that loosens the epithelial cells. The epithelial cells then temporarily move to the side of the eye to allow the beam of lights to focus on the cornea. After the procedure ends, the surgeon adds a protective lens on the eye to accelerate the healing process. The eye will take about a week to completely heal after the surgery although the healing period varies with different patients. After the eye heals, the protective lens is removed.

All in all, a Laser Eye Surgery is the contemporary form of eye treatment for any type of eye defect. It is the ideal long-term eye treatment plan compared to glasses and contact lens prescription given that it is less costly.…

An Introduction to Gynecomastia

gynecomastia surgery

Gynecomastia Surgery is the procedure of male breast reduction surgery. The cause of this is hormone deficiency that tends to effect more commonly teenage boys (caused by puberty) or steroid users. Either the body is getting a bit too much estrogen or too much testosterone. Gynecomastia is the effect of hard tissues that grow behind the nipples. The effect in teenage boys will usually last about two years. Once puberty has finished the chest may begin reducing the tissue and forming as a peck muscle.

If the Gynecomastia does not go away on its own, it might be time to pay a visit to a plastic surgeon. Once you have your consultation appointment with the surgeon, he will explain the procedure and determine if it is needed. On occasion, the surgeon may recommend trying a diet and workout plan for a few months to see if some hard work will balance out the effects of Gynecomastia, if not you will be scheduled in to have the surgery. If the cause of the Gynecomastia is due to steroid use, you may be able to reverse the effects by stopping the utilization of the steroid. Long term users may need to have the procedure as the body is not able to reverse the effects naturally.

What happens during the proceedings? You may be asking, well it’s simple. A tiny incision is cut below the nipple, and the gland is popped out. Usually, during the procedure, the patient is awake and just numbed using a local anesthetic numbing the area around the chest. The only thing that is removed is the gland leaving all muscle and fat in the chest area. The procedure is a pretty painless surgery and will have you back home in the same day.

The recovery time for this is about 4-6 weeks for doing any heavy exercise. For the first week, you will not want to shower, have exposure to the sun or even return to work. You will also need to have a compression vest during the healing process. The vest will keep everything tight and firm well your chest heals. Blood will also be collected from a tube into a small tank, and need draining as it fills.

Once fully healed, you can go back to your normal life.

Lots of people ask if Gynecomastia will return. It will most likely not, the entire gland is removed from underneath the nipple. During weight gain, you may end up with the puffiness back in the chest, but this is only body fat and can be taken care of with weight loss and clean eating. Once the procedure is complete, the gland is gone for good.

The tissue is not dangerous and does not need to be removed, but it can be something you find yourself being very self-conscious of. If this is something, you would like to nip in the bud sooner rather than later it maybe worth the visit to find a Gynecomastia surgeon. Do not attempt any methods to reverse the results without consulting a doctor first.…

How to Pick the Perfect Nanny

pick the perfect nanny

Finding a nanny for hire is not an easy task. In fact, in hiring one, parents should be extra cautious and scrutinise the credibility of the person. There should be full trust and confidence on your part when you leave your child and your home in a care of a perfect stranger. When you know that you can fully entrust your most valuable possession plus your child to your nanny, then, you will have peace of mind in doing your business. You should hire a nanny that you feel most comfortable to be with.

Nannies are important entities of your home. Their presence does not only fill in your absence but also imprints influence to the lives your child. Not to mention the possible danger that might occur to your child and home when you pick a wrong one. Finding the right nanny is a decision that is worthy of your thorough considerations. You just cannot afford to pick anyone on sight.

Important guidelines in finding a nanny for hire

Credibility is a must – Check for a reputable agency for nannies. Normally, agencies would only take nannies that have the experience, skill, and training. These nannies from reputable agencies have a personal record filed in their agency’s offices for easy access to information. The record would also show previous work experience of the nanny you are about to have.

Make a personal interview – It is advisable that you make a personal interview of the nanny, especially for nannies in London, either by phone or in person.

Ask for the Social Security Information – The information that you can get can be very vital to ensure that the nanny for hire has a clear and good record.

Make a personal background checking – Make a thorough background investigation of your candidate. This is one of the best ways to check criminal records and any fraudulent record of the nanny.

Online Background Investigation – Use the advantage of the internet to know the credibility of your candidate. Use the internet to check the credibility of the person that you are about to bring inside you home and entrust your most precious gift. You may start at the search engine and type either the name, address or even the telephone number of your candidate.

Set a trial-time – Ask a trial-time between the nanny and your child. This is a very good way to know if your child and the nanny will have a good rapport together. Although, this might take some time, and a lot of effort but, this is worth spending your time. In this way, you will be able to ensure that the nanny will be of its best even, in a difficult situation.

Parents may want to know how much time off a nanny wants or needs. If she asks for two months off each year, that may be a bit much. Vacations can also get a little tricky. If a family takes the nanny with them, they should remember that they’ll be paying for her food, accommodations, entrance fees, etc. If she stays home while they go traveling for three weeks, she may find it hard without a paycheck for that long. Better figure it out.

Describe children to the potential nanny. If one of the kids is a special needs child, the nanny deserves to know how much extra attention the child will need. There are also various expectations of nannies. In some cases, parents are happy enough to simply have an adult around while the kids are occupying themselves watching TV and playing. However, parents may want a nanny who engages with the kid’s directly-playing table games, sports, taking them to movies or amusements, reading stories to them, helping them with homework, etc. Also if the nanny is expected to do some housework or cooking, she deserves to know that ahead of time.

A nanny should, of course, have a clean driving record. A transportation plan will need to be worked out. If the nanny delivers and picks up the kids a lot, she will need extra pay or even a gas allowance. Or maybe there is an extra car she can use for errands and picking up kids. The nanny should know details. For example, for a single parent, the nanny should know whether she’ll have certain weekends off when the kids go stay with the ex. Also, if the nanny is expected to drive sixty miles each way to the …

Add Colour to Your Kitchen with Splashbacks

kitchen splashbacks

A kitchen splashback was once just a simple way to keep your kitchen walls clean from the mayhem that can occur in the kitchen. However, it has now evolved into something different. Kitchen Splashbacks are now used as a way to include different colours and textures into your kitchen. The kitchen is after all the heart of the home and you probably want your kitchen to be a place where you can express yourself.

While there are many different materials, which can be used for, a kitchen splashback, glass is one of the main materials used for this kitchen feature. However, in recent years the use of acrylic has gained traction and is becoming more popular in the kitchen.

This is probably due to the fact that acrylic is substantially cheaper than glass. You may be put off by the fact it is cheaper and feel like it is not as good as traditional glass, which is generically used. However, with acrylic, the main reason it is cheaper is because of the process in which it is made. Not only the process but perspex is far less fragile than glass and is actually 17 times more resistant than conventional glass. Shipping of acrylic is also far cheaper compared to glass. This is due to acrylic being far less fragile meaning there is no need to worry about damage occurring during shipping.

Acrylic is also available in a wide range of colours and textures. Glass is also available in a selection of different colours however; it is know for being notoriously expensive and prone to damage. The price difference alone makes acrylic a superior option opposed to glass! Customising your space doesn’t have to be an expensive luxury when you choose an acrylic splashback from Cut My Plastic and it allows you to let your creativity flow and create a space you are happy with. So making those all-important changes to your kitchen won’t break the bank!…

Why You Should Visit The Dentist On A Regular Basis

why visit a dentist

A visit to the dentist is not one that lots of people are excited to have. Most of them skip the check-ups because of anxiety and of course, the cost. They may prefer to just brush and floss their teeth on their own. The question is, is that really enough to ensure dental hygiene? Certainly not!

Below are some reasons you should visit the dentist at least twice in a year:

1. General Assessment: The mouth is an important part of the human body. The state of your mouth and tongue can tell that of your health. From the mouth, a dentist can know if you have ailments like anemia or deficient in vitamins. Dehydration can also be detected through assessing the mouth. During routine checks, the dentist does not only focus on the mouth and teeth, but he/she also checks the head, neck and lymph node for abnormalities like swelling and lumps and refers you to the appropriate places for treatment.

Also, general assessments can help detect dental diseases that give rise to heart diseases, stroke or even pancreatic cancer.

2. Oral Cancer Detection: This is a very dangerous disease that is not easily detected especially by those without prior knowledge of its symptoms. Dentists are trained not only to identify the signs and symptoms but also to treat it if detected early. Eighty-Four percent (84%) of oral cancer can be detected by a dentist as a result of a regular check-up.

3. Gum Disease: This happens when tartar builds up causing an infection known as gingivitis. The Infection results in the pulling away of the gum from the tooth and causes a breakdown of the tissues that attach the gums to the teeth. The patient may experience bleeding, swelling, soreness, fallen teeth, etc. This disease is caused by poor nutritional habits which can spread easily if not treated. Regular visits to the dentists for cleaning will prevent the disease from escalating and of course, save money.

4. Teeth Cleaning: Of course, you brush your teeth daily. Some of you even brush twice a day. However, this is not always sufficient enough as some of us do not even brush and floss the right way. Dentist helps us clean our teeth to get rid of plaques and tartar.

5. X-ray: Dentists can detect abnormalities in your teeth beneath the surface of your mouth that may not be visible to the optical eyes. Some of these may include; impacted teeth, jawbone damage, bone decay, swelling, tumours, and cyst.

6. Prevention of Tooth Extraction and other Diseases: Tooth extraction can be really gruesome. Regular check-ups prevent extraction, tooth decay and of course Halitosis (Bad breath).

It is obvious that visiting the dentist regularly is essential for your total wellbeing. It may somewhat be time-consuming and expensive, but the benefits are well worth the trouble.

For more information, contact http://dentistlichfiled.co.uk

All About Life Insurance


The life insurance industry continues to make money out of death of people. This may seem a frightening idea but this is true to these days. Insurance is really a life-saver among loved ones and dependents of a policy buyer. Death does not offer second chances but helps provide financial security in all survivors.

In this regard, it has been recently introduced that life insurance industry will continue to maintain its 2-digit revenue growth next year. This is also because of the economic recovery in the industry. Life insurance associations have also predicted that revenues will grow by ten percent next year. The outlook of the industry will become positive assuming the economy of the nation every year.

The life insurance industry will continue to grow more than that. This is also due to the reason that people buy life insurance policies in securing the future of all their dependents. This is also due to a lot of reasons like accidental, premature, sickness. This also provides a guaranteed financials security of the dependents, particularly in the demise of a policy buyer.

The policyholder’s dependents will be given a sum if ever the premiums are provided in time. In these modern times, Cover and Legal say that life insurance is considered to be a useful investment option. This also served its purpose as a security for requirements and for loans. An insurance policy purchased could be adjusted according to the needs of a policyholder.

The life insurance industry is heading to growth and future successes because life insurance is significant in today’s world. This is also because pension plans, social security benefits, family savings have proved to be really inadequate. These are not enough in meeting the financial requirements of the whole family.

Lots of insurance plans can be found in the life insurance industry, especially for sick individuals. The kinds of insurance policies in the life insurance industry are permanent life insurance and life insurance. There are somehow variations but these are suited for young people who have short-term requirements.

In addition to what is known in the life insurance industry, people flock and decide to get whole life insurance, variable life insurance and more. These have known to potentially reap off dividends and accommodate benefits for the consumers.

Different companies could also be found in the life insurance industry with all their insurance plans and kinds to offer. Similarly, there are consulting experts that can secure you of the best policy and can suit your individual needs. There is only a need to weight out all possible options among interested people. They must also consider the right coverage in the life insurance industry that can be paid in premiums.

In all these, the life insurance industry is fully engaged in offering financial security, investment instruments and savings for individuals including their families. This industry also has a lot of reasons to beat the future and some issues that tend to arise externally and internally. Nevertheless, this industry is on its way of improving the lives of people!…

How to Choose a Hot Tub Contractor

blow up hot tub

Do you want to install a good blow up hot tub in your home? Although you can install a blow up hot tub yourself hiring a contract will make the process easier. In addition, a contractor will perform a better job at the end of the day. One of the best ways to locate a contractor is asking your friend, neighbor, staff mate or anyone you can trust. You can also check on the internet for leading contractors near you so that you hire the best. Here are tips on how to select the best contractor.


Experience is among the things you cannot ignore when looking for contractor. Despite the fact that there are new contractors who promise to offer high quality services, you cannot afford to take chances. Therefore, it is recommended that you hire an experienced contractor if at all you want good work done. A company that has been around for many years offers better services.


There are a number of tools needed when it comes to installing a blow up hot tub in your home. Ask the company to show you some of their equipment. This will give you an insight on whether the experts will offer you with high quality work or not. Any company without the right equipment should not feature anywhere in your list of service providers.


Licensing is another aspect to take into account before hiring a contractor to work on your project. A licensed company has permission to offers services in different parts of the nation. A licensed contractor will give you the peace of mind you need when installing a hot tub.

Cost of installation

The cost of installation tends to vary from one contractor to another. It is good to take your time and compared different services providers before hiring any of them. However, ensure that you do not compromise with the quality of services you are likely to receive in the long run.

Insurance and bonding

Hot tub installation comes with various risks. The number of risks that accompany installation of hot tubs requires that you hire a contractor with an insurance policy. Besides insurance, ensure that the contractor has been paying premiums. A contractor that has not been submitting payments is not any different from one without insurance.

Customer satisfaction

To find out whether the contractor will offer satisfactory services you can read customer reviews. Any contract with many complainants from the clients is not likely to offer you with good services. You can also ask the company to provide you with contacts of some of their customers so that you can call and ask them one or two questions about them. Ensure that you talk to more than one of their customers before hiring their services.

In conclusion, hiring a contractor to help in the installation of a hot tub is tricky. There are different aspects to consider when looking for a contractor. Some of the important things include experience, installation cost, insurance and bonding as well as equipment just to mention a few of them.…

How to Terminate and Control the Spread of the Japanese Knotweed

Japanese Knotweed Under Treatment



Are you looking for the safest way to remove or terminate the Japanese Knotweed? Are you living in UK and facing Japanese Knotweed problems? If yes, this is your lucky day. This article by Japanese Knotweed Expert addresses Japanese knotweed removal using both natural and artificial methods. So far, the Japanese knotweed present in the United Kingdom has not yet been able to produce active seeds. Unfortunately, the hybrids of this weed can produce viable seeds.

So, what exactly is Japanese Knotweed?

This weed has been around for more than five decades and has been a major public enemy. It’s not easy to control or kill (due to the fertile hybrids). The Japanese Knotweed is a robust-growing clump forming perennial plant. Once fully grown, it develops tall dense annual stems which renew annually from the stout.

This weed spreads vegetatively from the stem, crown and rhizome. The sad part is that it a new plant can grow from a tiny piece of rhizome, stem or crown.

Removal and control of the Japanese Knotweed

Non-chemical techniques

Even though this option is safe for the environment, it can lead to other problems. For instance:

· You might dig out the rhizomes as much as possible but re-growth will always occur. These rhizomes penetrate deep into the ground. Digging the weed out creates problems as it goes against the Environmental Protection Act 1990. This act requires the weed to be disposed at licensed landfill sites.

· If you prefer digging the weed out, you should remove as much root as possible and destroy any re-growth. This will exhaust the energy reserves remaining in the rhizomes gradually. This process might take several seasons.

Biological control

This technique requires you to plant a plant sucker (psyllid) where the weed is growing. Unfortunately, this plant sucker is still under trial hence not available to gardeners. If successful, it will be released to the public.

Chemical control

Weed-killers are most effective when the user follows the instructions on the pack. This will also minimise risks to the environment and people. The most popular and yet simplest weed-killer is known as glyphosate. It has to be applied to the cut canes. You might also use other strong formulations of glyphosate such as Scotts Tumbleweed, Doff Maxi Strength, Bayer Tough Rootkil, etc.

· Apply glyphosate to the foliage as it will be passed to the weed’s underground parts.

· During winter, cut away old stems as this allows good access. Just like other weeds, the best time to spray the Japanese Knotweed is during its flowering stage or late summer.

· If the height of the weed is more than 2.1m, spraying will be difficult. Just let the weed to grow to about 90cm and spray it.

· It takes at least 3-4 seasons to completely terminate the Japanese Knotweed using glyphosate.

DOs and DONTs


Start treatment as soon as you notice the weed on your property. The larger it grows, the harder it becomes to terminate.

Ensure that you get to the root of the problem.

Before using chemicals, ensure that you understand the herbicide treatment fully.


If you need guarantee, don’t perform DIY work.

Never allow the weed to spread to neighbouring properties.

Don’t spread contaminated soil.


The Japanese Knotweed has been a major problem in the United Kingdom. If you notice any signs of this plant on your property, alert your neighbours and seek professional help if need be.…

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